Dog Breed: American Pit Bull Terrier

Written by Dr. Muqeet Mushtaq DVM, MS ABG (Animal Breeding and Genetics)


Most pit bulls are fun, kind companions and patient with family affiliates. But there are some exceptions in individual dog behaviour.

The American Pit Bull Terrier is a friend and family dog breed. They are commonly known as "Granny Dogs" because they were very gentle around the children.


The American pit bull is strong and stocky, probably have more muscles per pound of body weight than any other breed. The American Pit Bull Terrier is a dog breed recognized by the United Kennel Club and the American Dog Breeders Association, but not the American kennel Club. It is a medium-sized, solid, intelligent, short-haired dog whose early ancestors came from the British Isles.

The owners of a pit bull formed the United Kennel Club (UKC) on their own behalf in the early 1900s. The UK remains the strongest registry for the American Pit Bull Terrier to this day. Similarly, the American Dog Breeders' Association was formed in 1909 to register pit bulls.


Most pit bulls are patient with recreational companions, friends, and all family members (with the significant exception of other pit bulls). As with all breeds, there are exceptions.

The Pitt Bulls had to show bravery and play to continue whatever they were doing to show their courage. These qualities have made them stubborn, tough and fearless. Like any large dog, pit bulls should be monitored with children.


Life with a pit bull is always an adventure. These are fun dogs that are still ready to play. They need to get rid of the stress by regular daily exercise. Although they are tough dogs, they are not suitable for extreme weather, i.e., they must be protected from severe cold and hot weather.

Pit bulls should be trained seperately and must be given obedience training when they are young because they are very ferocious and often not good with other dogs. So, they should be kept strapped when around.

Breed Characteristic

Weight Range:

  • Male: 30-80 lbs.
  • Female: 30-78 lbs.

Height at Wither:

  • Males:19 in.
  • Females:18 in.

Other characteristics:

  • Exercise Requirements: 20-40 minutes/day
  • Energy Level: Average
  • Longevity Range: 11-13 years
  • Tendency to Bark: Low
  • Tendency to Drool: Low 
  • Tendency to Snore: Low
  • Tendency to Dig: Low 
  • Social/Attention Needs: High
  • Bred For: Hunting or herding livestock

Body Coat Characteristic

  • Coat Length: Short
  • Coat Characteristics: Flat
  • Coat Colours: Multiple shades/Any colour
  • Grooming Needs: Low

Club Recognition

  • UKC Classification: Terrier
  • Prevalence: Common

The Pit Bull has a low centre of gravity and is a slightly longer body. The neck and head muscles are mainly well developed. The eyes are small, and the ears may be cracked or cut (later rose-shaped).

This dog is weighty for its size, i.e., 30-80 pounds, as we discussed above—the coat of American Pit Bull Terrier is short and sleek. Although white, black and tan, or more than 80% coat, is preferred in the liver, any colour is acceptable.

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