Dog Breed 101: Bull Dog

Written by Dr. Muqeet Mushtaq DVM, MS ABG (Animal Breeding and Genetics)



Generally, Bull Dog has low tolerance, and they are a very aggressive breed. Some dogs have a sweet temperament, especially in English Bulldogs; they are predictable, reliable and best with children and only need moderate exercise.

Wrinkles on the face of the Bulldog should be cleaned regularly to avoid skin infections.


Named for its use in bullfighting, the Bulldog originated in the British Isles shortly before the 13th century. One of the few references to the dog dates back to 1209 and tells of a butcher's dog that chased a bull in Stamford, England. The pursuit delighted the town's ears so much that it opened up shooting as a sport in its domain. Today, the Bulldog makes a great family pet.


English Bulldog has a sweet, gentle temperament. Reliable and predictable, the Bulldog is one of the best family pets that most kids love. They actively seek human devotion.

However, they have reserved the courage instilled in them to cut the bull, so they are vigilant. Although it usually gets along well with other family pets, Bulldogs can be aggressive towards invasive dogs.


Bulldogs make fine apartment pets and don't need a yard. Generally, they are low-endurance dogs that only need one moderate workout. They thrive in temperate climates. They overheat easily and have difficulty breathing in hot weather, and they cool efficiently in cold temperatures. So, the optimal temperature is best for them.

In general, fast-breathing, Bulldogs snore and wheeze. Many drool too. They are moderate shedders and require a little combing or grooming in their short coats. However, wrinkles on the face should be cleaned regularly to avoid skin infections.

Breed Characteristic

Weight Range:

  1. Male: 54 lbs.
  2. Female: 50 lbs.

Height at Withers:

  1. Male: 17 in.
  2. Female: 16 in.

Other Body Features

  • Neck: Thick
  • Face: Brachycephalic (short face) with heavy wrinkles
  • Exercise Requirements: 20-40 minutes/day
  • Energy Level: Medium
  • Longevity Range: 8-10 yrs.
  • The tendency to Drool: High 
  • The tendency to Snore: High
  • The tendency to Bark: Low
  • The tendency to Dig: Low 
  • Social/Attention Needs: Moderate

  • Coat Characteristic

    • Coat Length: Short
    • Coat type: Straight
    • Coat Colours: Brindle (subtle "tiger stripe" effect), piebald, solid red, fawn or white
    • Overall Grooming Needs: Low

    Club Recognition 

    • AKC Classifications: Non-Sporting
    • UKC Classifications: Companion Dog
    • Prevalence: Common

    Bulldogs are known as tiny powerhouse characterized by extraordinary power, stability and enthusiasm.

    The dog's head is large and round, and its face is tiny, giving it a flattened appearance. The Bulldog's eyes are black, and the front plane is short and wide on the forehead. The nose is black and light. The jaws are enormous and broad. Their lower jaw creates a humorous smile. Bull dog's lips are fleshy and plump. Cheeks are expansive and beautiful. The ears are thin, small and angular, like the flaps that frame the forehead.

    The neck of a bulldog is short and thick. The shoulders are massive, muscular and broad. The chest is intense and complete, and the back is the barrel and slightly bowed. Its round hips rise somewhat above waist level. The tail is thick and straight. Bulldogs have strong muscles in their short, twisted legs.

    The Bulldog's skin is loose and sagging, causing heavy wrinkles and thick folds on the face and a wall hanging from the throat. The coat is short and well made. Patterns in different colors are bundled, piled and solid white, red, and brown.


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