Dog Breed 101: Dachshund

  Written by Dr. Muqeet Mushtaq DVM, MS ABG (Animal Breeding and Genetics)


Dachshund is a loyal companion and is good with children, but Dachshunds suffers from vertebral disc problems due to their long backs. So this dog is not a good choice for anyone who has many steps in the houses.


The Dachshund was bred in Germany centuries ago to hunt beehives. "Dach" means badger, and "hund" means dog.

Dachshunds have tiny, muscular legs that enable the dog to hunt and crawl. Larger Dachshunds were used to chase deer or foxes. Miniature dachshunds were raised to hunt rabbits and ferrets.

The breed is still used for hunting, mainly in Europe, but in North America, the dog is usually a family pet. It is one of the most popular breeds of AKC.


Despite their size, Dachshund is known for his daring nature and will compete with animals much more significant than him. Some may be aggressive towards strangers and other dogs.

As a family dog, Dachshunds are loyal companions and good caregivers. If they are treated well, they are suitable for children. It can be a little challenging to train them.

Some Dachshund parents say that there are differences in personality in various races. For example, the long coat dachshund is reportedly quieter than the smoother coat type, and the wire coat Dachshund is more casual and clown-like.

Dachshunds were raised as predators, so it's no surprise that many of them like to dig.


Dachshund suffers from disc problems because of their long back, so this dog is not a good choice for anyone who has many steps at home. To further protect Dachshunds back, the dog should not be allowed to bounce on and off furniture, and his weight should be checked.

In addition to occasional grooming or brushing, a smooth coat requires extreme care. Long coat Dachshund requires daily brushing and combing. Wire coat dachshunds need grooming at least

Breed Characteristic

Weight Range:

  • Male: 9-32 lbs.
  • Female: 9-32 lbs.

Height at Withers:

  • Male: 13-14 inch
  • Female: 12-13 inch

Other Body Features:

  • Back: Long back
  • Face: Dolichocephalic (long face)
  • Legs: Short bowed legs
  • Ears: Floppy ears (naturally)
  • Exercise Requirements: 20-40 minutes/day
  • Energy Levels: Very energetic
  • Longevity Ranges: 12-14 yrs.
  • The tendency to Drool: Low 
  • The tendency to Snore: Low
  • The tendency to Bark: High
  • The tendency to Dig: High 
  • Social/Attention Needs: Moderate

Coat Characteristic

  • Coat Length: Short/Long
  • Coat type: Hard coat, Straight, Flat.
  • Coat Colours: Black, chocolate, wild boar, grey or fawn with tan, brindle
  • Overall Grooming Needs: Low

Club Recognition

  • AKC Classifications: Hound
  • UKC Classifications: Scent Hounds
  • Prevalence: Common

All three dachshunds, i.e., the smooth, wire, and long-coated, are found in two sizes called miniature and standard. Miniatures are not classified separately by AKC but "compete in the class division of 11 pounds and under 12 months and older." The standard size usually weighs between 16 and 32 pounds. There is no height standard for Dachshund, but the height is generally less than ten inches.

All three are known for their long backs and short, muscular legs, which gives them the title "sausage hound" or "hot dog". They have long and droopy ears and a tail in line with the back.


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