Dog Breed 101: Golden Retriever

 Written by Dr. Muqeet Mushtaq DVM, MS ABG (Animal Breeding and Genetics)

 

Introduction

Golden retrievers are lovely and versatile dogs. They're known as great bird dogs, family pets, service dogs for the disabled, and rescue dogs. Discover more about Golden retrievers!

Since golden retrievers are easy to please, they reply positively to obedience training. They complement this trait by being playful, affectionate and even-tempered.

History

In the 1990s, the Golden Retriever was the most popular AKC breed. This ranking is not surprising as the dog has many characteristics that make it a perfect family pet. However, the Golden retrievers have their roots in the UK's fields.

The Golden Retriever was developed by cross-breedings many other breeds, including the Spaniels, Collies, and Newfoundland (but not the Newfoundland we know today). The combination created a complicated, strong swimming dog that could withstand cold water, track injured sport and deal with crippled birds.

Today, Golden retrievers are not just good bird dogs; they are great family pets. They are also known as service dogs for the blind and disabled, search and rescue dogs and best tracking dogs. They are unique, and very few other dogs can claim the potential of this breed.

Personality

Golden Retriever is a temperamental, intelligent and loving dog. Golden retrievers have a mild temperament with children and are well-behaved with other pets and strangers.

These dogs want to please, which may explain why they respond well to obedience training and are such famous service dogs. They also like to work, whether it's hunting birds or bringing their guardian's slippers.

Golden retrievers often lack protective instincts, so don't trust them in case of protection. They can get along with anyone who loves to play with them. However, some trained Golden retrievers will alert you when strangers are approaching.

Companionship

This breed likes to be active. Remember, golden retrievers are known as bird dogs, so they want an excellent retrieval or swimming sport. If exercise is provided daily, gold retrievers can adapt to any home type, even if it is a city apartment.

Golden retrievers are considered average shedders. Brushing/grooming once a week will make the coat look good.

Breed Characteristics

Weight Range:

  1. Male: 65-75 lbs.
  2. Female: 55-65 lbs.

Height at Withers:

  1. Male: 24 inches
  2. Female: 22 inches

Other Body Features

  • Ears: Floppy ears (naturally)
  • Exercise Requirements: >40 minutes/day
  • Energy Levels: Average
  • Longevity Ranges: 10-13 yrs.
  • The tendency to Drool: Low 
  • The tendency to Snore: Low
  • The tendency to Bark: Moderate
  • The tendency to Dig: Low 
  • Social/Attention Needs: High
  • Bred For: Retrieving

Body Coat Characteristics

  • Coat Length: Medium
  • Coat Type: Straight
  • Coat Colours: Golden of various shades
  • Overall Grooming Needs: Moderate

Club Recognition

  • AKC Classifications: Sporting
  • UKC Classifications: Gun Dog
  • Prevalence: Common

The Golden retriever has a great water-repellent coat that is wavy, flat and golden in colour. This breed's most attractive features are the snout on the neck, legs, thighs, bottom and tail.

The dog's head is robust and comprehensive. The ears are not very big, but they sit high above the head and hang just below the jaw. Their chest is beautiful, and the body is balanced.


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