Dog Breed 101: Pembroke Welsh Corgi

 Written by Dr. Muqeet Mushtaq DVM, MS ABG (Animal Breeding and Genetics)

Known for their quick intelligence and powerful will, Pembroke Welsh corgis are active, hardy and want to be part of the family.

The word corgi has diverse implications. It is the Celtic for "dog" or cor for "dwarf" and gi for "dog."


As the name suggests, Pembroke Welsh Corgi was made in Wales in the Pembroke shire area. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is the big of the two Corgi breeds and was undoubtedly used in Pembroke's development. Other possibilities were the introduction of Pembroke to Wales by the Flemish Weavers in the 10th century. The subtlety of Pembroke was brought to Wales by the Vikings from the Swedish Wetlands.

Whatever the purpose, Corgis has initially used as a field dog all around, especially in cattle.

As we see it today, Pembroke Welsh Corgi is separated from Cardigan Corgi in the early 1930s. This dog's gift to the Queen of England and her subsequent love for the breed has helped make these dogs popular worldwide as family pets.


Pembroke Welsh Corgis is known for his sharp wit and strong will. They are dynamic dogs and never want to give up. In their minds, they are big dogs in small bodies.

These dogs still care for much bigger animals than them and use speed and sheer determination. As a field dog, Corgis undoubtedly hunted fish and protected homes as well as livestock. Corgis need a firm but kind hand exercise and training to make the most of his abilities.

Excessive exercise and digging may be riskier if left alone. Most Corgis go well with other pets and children if they are raised with them. Be aware that they will sometimes chase and push the heels of small running children.


Pembroke Welsh Corgis are small tough dogs. All they need to do is run fast. They need to be monitored for obesity. It's suitable for these dogs if you keep food to a minimum. Excess food and lead to more weight which can put extra pressure on the long, low back leading to disc issues.

Exercise is essential for their mental health and weight control. Corgis are people-oriented and thus enjoy working with them and enjoying training. Despite their appearance, these are little athletic dogs that excel in herding and agility rivalries. They are fast to learn tricks and seem to have a sense of humour. They are also the best watchdogs.

Because of their short stature, Corgis are probably attracted to high places and are sometimes found in the sofa's back or the middle of the kitchen table. If left alone, they can manipulate and take responsibility for themselves.

Breed Characteristic

Weight Range:

  1. Male: 26-28 lbs.
  2. Female: 24-26 lbs.

Height at Withers:

  1. Male: 12 inches
  2. Female: 10 inches

Other Body Features

  • Back: Long back
  • Legs: Short bowed legs
  • Ears: Upright ears (indeed)
  • Exercise Requirements: 20-40 minutes/day
  • Energy Levels: Average
  • Longevity Ranges: 11-13 yrs.
  • The tendency to Drool: Low 
  • The tendency to Snore: Low
  • The tendency to Bark: High
  • The tendency to Dig: Moderate 
  • Social/Attention Needs: High
  • Bred For: Cattle drover

Body Coat Characteristic

  • Coat Length: Short
  • Coat Type: Double coat
  • Coat Colours: Red, sable, fawn, black and tan, with or without white flashings
  • Overall Grooming Needs: Low
Club Recognition
  • AKC Classifications: Herding
  • UKC Classifications: Herding Dog
  • Prevalence: Common

Pembroke Welsh corgis are immediately identifiable due to their prick ears, short stature, and fox face.

The tail is usually docked, but some puppies are born natural bobtails. Aside from the apparent previous difference, the Pembroke Cardigan is not as long or heavy as the Welsh Corgis.

Pembroke Welsh corgis are considered chondrodysplastic dogs characterized by slightly bent limbs and tend to have back problems. Slightly taller, they have a straight back and are not extreme in any area. They reach full size at about one year of age, but some fill up until two or three.

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