Dog Breed 101: Miniature Schnauzer

Written by Dr. Muqeet Mushtaq DVM, MS ABG (Animal Breeding and Genetics)


The Miniature Schnauzer is known to be the smallest of all three Schnauzer breeds. Miniature Schnauzer is a usually long-lived, healthy, and low-shedding furry friend. This dog breed makes a perfect outgoing companion due to its portable size, and sporty good looks.

Miniature Schnauzers are incredibly adaptable and quick learners. They can live happily without the requirement of any large farm or house. They adjust themselves in a tiny apartment or the large farmhouse depending upon the availability. These spunky dogs are friendly and need to be included in family activities. Thus, Miniature Schnauzers are an ideal family dog for canine lovers. 



Miniature Schnauzers are alert, spunky hardy, little dogs. They can be feisty and show aggrasive behaviour when confronted by dogs they do not know.

Playing nature and high energy level makes miniature schnauzers ideal for families with well-behaved children. This dog breed is also known for their obedience, quick learning and dedication towards human companions.


Miniature Schnauzers are incredibly adaptable. They will be happy if you provide adequate nitrition, love and a couple of walks daily. Because this breed is somewhat fearless around other dogs, it is essential to introduce a Miniature Schnauzer to other dogs while he/she is still a puppy.

Miniature Schnauzers are friendly dogs that love to be with their people. Their most profound need is to be fully included in family activities, whether those activities centre on going out for a run or watching television.

Because they shed very low, these miniature dogs are best for dog allergic people. However, they require regular and frequent grooming or brushing along with regular nail and hair trimming. Sometimes stripping and periodic clipping also become necessary.

Miniature Schnauzers age elegantly; they do not show signs of ageing until late in life. The average life expectancy is 13 to 15 years.

Nutrition Need

Recommended daily amount: 1-1.5 cup of high-quality dry food/kibble a day, divided into two meals is the best choice for them. You also use wet, semi-moist or home-cooked meal with proper guidance from your veterinarian.

Any diet you gave to your canine friend should be appropriate according to their age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are at risk of being obese, so watch your dog's calorie consumption and weight level. Treats can be a basic aid, but giving too much can lead to obesity. Contact your pet veterinarian if you have any concerns about your dog's diet or weight. Fresh and water should be available to these dogs at all time.

Breed Characteristic

  • Distinct Feature: Semi-prick ears (naturally)
  • Exercise Requirements: 30-44 minutes/day
  • Energy Level: Above average
  • Longevity Range: 13-15 years
  • Tendency to Drool: Very low
  • Social/Attention Needs: Extremely high
  • Tendency to Snore: Very low
  • The tendency to Bark: Very high
  • The tendency to Dig: Moderate to high
  • Bred For: Hunting or Ratting
  • Weight Range: Male: 12-17 lbs. ; Female: 11-14 lbs.
  • Height at Withers: Male: 15 in. ; Female: 14 in.

Coat Characteristic

  • Coat Length: Medium
  • Characteristics: Hard double coat
  • Colours: Black and silver, black, salt and pepper
  • Grooming Requirements: Moderate to high
  • Shedding: Very low

Club Recognition

  • Prevalence: Commonly available
  • UKC Classification: Terrier
  • AKC Classification: Terrier

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